FARS

Fars Province, better known in the West as Persia, is the state that was once the homeland of the glorious Persian civilization, making it one of the richest parts of the wider region for unparalleled cultural heritage. The main highlights include:

 

Tomb of Cyrus the Great a sanctuary which held Cyrus’ gilded sarcophagus with dignity, and simplicity.

 

Guardian relief a four-winged guardian figure wearing an Egyptian crown, Elamite dress and Assyrian wings.

 

Palace P Cyrus’ private garden pavilion, described as the earliest example of Persian paradise gardens.

 

Palace S white stone columns, black capitals and column bases, combined in one harmonious design.

 

Prison of Solomon a rectangular stone tower possibly a temporary tomb, a fire temple, a Royal treasury.

 

Tall-e Takht Citadel a huge platform possibly intended as a fortified plinth to hold palaces and temples.

 

Apadana Palace the earliest and the grandest of all palaces of Persepolis.

 

Eastern Staircase Staircase shows the delegations from subject nations bearing tribute to the Persian king.

 

Tachara or the Winter Palace, with imaginary creatures in battle with the king.

 

Hadish or the Palace of Xerxes, three times the size of that of Darius’s with a similar setting.

 

Gate of all Lands allowed delegates to rest and wait their turn for audience with the king.

 

Throne Hall or the Palace of One Hundred Columns, the largest covered area in Persepolis.

 

Naqsh-e Rostam with four Achaemenid tombs, some Sassanid rock-relief panels, and an Elamite bas-relief.

 

Naqsh-e Rajab four very well-preserved Sassanid bas-relief panels within a small ensemble.

 

Bishapur an interesting Sassanid complex of a central chamber, a courtyard, a temple, and six rock carvings commemorating Shapur’s victories over the Romans.

 

Sarvestan Palace an architecturally unique 5th century AD palace, with a central courtyard, three ivans, a vast square based dome chamber, and long narrow rooms.

 

Palace of Ardashir a captivating historical structure with two intact typically Iranian domes, porticos and a natural reflecting pool enhancing its elegance.

 

Qaleh Dukhtar Fortress Palace an architecturally ingenious fortress standing on top of a mountain, on three levels with a spiral ramp leading to the courtyard.